EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system)
Now you can have both flexible design and thermal efficiency with Facades Commercial EIFS™, designed specifically for commercial applications. Create almost any look while increasing your energy efficiency up to 30% over more traditional building exteriors. Facades Commercial EIFS™ is a light weight exterior which allows more flexibility in both cosmetic and structural design.
Architects around the world have found EIFS to be an excellent exterior for commercial applications. Using our system is a great way to make you creativity last for decades to come.
Grade Level- Termination at concrete curb
foundation- termination above grade
rough opening preparation
preparation of opening for storefront window
preparation of opening for nail-on window
termination at sill aluminum frame
termination at jamb aluminum frame
termination at head- solid substrate
wood framing- expansion joint at floor line
light gauge framing- expansion joint at floor line
termination at parapet- cap flashing
termination at parapet- solid substrate
parapet wall termination
soffit with drip
soffit router- cut drip
soffit with expansion joint
outside corner-high impact
structural expansion joint
system expansion joint- dissimilar substrates
structural expansion joint- inside corner
structural expansion joint- outside corner
system applied over metal lath substrate
termination at deck- cross section
termination at deck- cut away
termination at sloped roof
termination at roof stop flashing
INTRO to EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system)
An air barrier system minimizes the risk of condensation within the building envelope. It does this by eliminating mass transfer of warm moisture air into the wall assembly to a cold surface where it can condense. A complete air barrier system has individual air barrier parts. Including the connections between them. The air barrier parts must be continuous. Then it is an effective air barrier system. You must take material compatibility and construction sequencing into account. Only then can an air tight assembly ensure long term durability. Also Consider the effects of air tightness on mechanical ventilation.
This doc contains the specifications for this System. These specifications follow a 3 part format.
TAILOR OUR Specifications
These specifications cover all the ways that you can use the EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system) System. Most Projects use combinations of these materials and methods. To tailor the specifications to your project use those sections which apply. Place certain parts of the Spec in other parts of the project’s total spec. The project design pros are responsible for ensuring that the project specifications are suitable. This spec is to be used with EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system) system detail drawings and product data sheets etc. For assistance in preparing your spec contact us.
English Units are included in parentheses after the Standard International (SI) equivalents. The conversions represent commonly used equivalents.
An air barrier should not be confused with a vapor retarder. A retarder may be used in the wall assembly to retard water vapor diffusion. Also to reduce the risk of condensation. A vapor retarder is placed on the warm side of the wall. It is placed on the interior side in cold climates. A vapor retarder may not be necessary. It depends on the wall components. Also the range of temps and humidity conditions. As well as the mechanical ventilation. A vapor retarder should not be used in warm humid climates.
Info in this spec is to standard detail and product recommendations for the install of the EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system) System. It is presented in good faith. We assume no liability to the architecture, engineering or workmanship. To insure that you are using the latest most complete info contact us.
PART I – GENERAL
1.01 SUMMARY for EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system)
This doc contains all the our requirements for the proper install. Use over above grade concrete, masonry, and sheathing. It is intended to be used with typical details. Project design parameters may require special details or specifications. The design pro should prepare this.
A. SECTION INCLUDES.
B. RELATED SECTIONS.
1. Unit Masonry Section 042000.
2. Concrete Sections 03300 and 034000.
3. Light Gauge Cold Formed Steel Framing Section 054000.
4. Wood Framing Section 061000.
5. Sheathing Section 061600.
6. Water Barriers Section 072500.
7.Vapor Retarders Section 072600.
8. Membrane Roofing Section 075000.
9. Flashing and Sheet Metal Section 076000.
10. Joint Protection Section 079000.
11. Windows Section 085000.
A. ASTM B117. Federal Test Standard.
141A Method 6061. Salt Spray Fog Testing.
B. ASTM C79 Spec for Gypsum Sheathing Board.
C. ASTM C150 Spec for Portland Cement.
D. ASTM C297 Test Method for Tensile Strength of Flat Sandwich Constructions in Flatwise Plane.
E. ASTM D968. Federal Test Standard 141A Method 6191. Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Organic Coatings by Falling Abrasive.
F. ASTM E84 Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials.
G. ASTM E108. Modified. Method for Fire Tests of Roof Coverings.
H. ASTM E330. Test Method for Structural Performance of Exterior Windows, Curtain Walls, and Doors.
I. ASTM G23. Federal Test Standard 141A Method 6151. Recommended Practice for Operating Exposure Apparatus.
K. ASTM C1063-99. Standard Spec for Install of Lathing and Furring to Receive Interior and Exterior Portland Cement Based Plaster.
L. ASTM C847-95. Standard Spec for Metal Lath.
M. C933-96a. Standard Spec for Welded Wire Lath.
N. ASTM C1032-96. Standard Spec for Woven Wire Plaster Base.
O. System Install Details.
P.Cleaning and Recoating.
Q. Expansion Joints and Sealants.
R.Water Vapor Transmission. (FS0111).
S. System Application Instructions. (FS0514).
T. Mil Std E5272. Environmental Testing.
U. Mil Std 810B. Environmental Test Methods (mildew resistance)..
V. ULC S101. Standard Methods of Fire Endurance Tests of Building Construction Materials.
A. Building Expansion Joint. A joint through the building structure. It is designed to accommodate structural movement.
B. Contractor. The contractor that installs this System.
C. Expansion Joint. A discontinuity in the System.
D. Facades. the manufacturer of the System.
E. Finish. An acrylic based coating. It is applied to the outside surface of the brown coat.
F. Reinforcement. Expanded metal lath or woven wire mesh. Its used to reinforce the brown coat.
G. Scratch Brown Coat. Polymer modified portland cement based fiber enhanced plaster. Its used to embed the reinforcement.
H. Sheathing. A substrate in sheet form.
I. Substrate. The material to which the System is affixed.
J. Substrate System. The total wall assembly including the attached substrate.
1.4 EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system) SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
A. This EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system) system consists of an adhesive, EPS, base coat with mesh and finish. Mechanically attached systems shall conform to our specifications.
B. Method of Install. This System is applied to the substrate.
- Design Requirements.
1. Acceptable Substrates for this System are.
- Unglazed brick, cement plaster, concrete, or masonry.
b. Gypsum sheathing meeting ASTM C1396.
c. Silicone treated gypsum sheathing surfaced with inorganic ﬁberglass mats meeting ASTM C1177.
d. Exterior ﬁber reinforced cement and calcium silicate boards meeting ASTM C1235.
e. APA Exterior or Exposure 1 rated Plywood Grade C D or better. 13 mm (1/2 in), minimum 4 ply.
f. APA Exposure 1 rated OSB. nominal 13 mm (1/2 in).
- Deﬂection of substrate systems shall not exceed L/240.
- The slope of inclined surfaces shall not be less than 6:12.
- The length of inclined surfaces (EPS shapes) shall not exceed 305 mm (12 in).
- Expansion Joints.
- Location of expansion joints is the responsibility of the project designer. It shall be noted on the project drawings. Expansion joints shall be placed at the following locations.
- Expansion Joints.
1) Where expansion joints are in the substrate.
2) Where building expansion joints are.
3) At ﬂoor lines.
4) Where EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system) System abuts dissimilar materials.
5) Where the substrate changes.
6) In continuous elevations at intervals less than 144 ft2 (13 m2) of surface area.
7) Where structural movement occurs. The max uncontrolled length or width is 5.5 lineal meters (18 lineal feet). Max uncontrolled length to ratio of 2 ½.
8) It is the responsibility of the project design team to determine expansion joint placement.
- Shall be held back from adjoining materials a min of 19 mm (3/4 in) for sealant.
b. Terminated a min of 200 mm (8 in) above ﬁnished grade.
1) Supplied by others.
2) Compatible with EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system) System materials.
3) The sealant backer rod shall be of closed cell.
- Vapor Retarders. Use and location of vapor retarders is the responsibility of the project designer. It shall be noted on the project drawings and specifications.
- The use of dark colors must be considered in relation to wall surface temp. Use of dark colors in high temp climates can affect the performance of the system.
D. Performance Requirements.
- This System shall have been tested for durability as follows.
a. Abrasion Resistance. ASTM D968 (Federal Test Standard 141A Method 6191). no deleterious effects after 500 liters (132 gal).
- Accelerated Weathering. ASTM G23 (Federal Test Standard 141A Method 6151) 2000 hours. No deterioration.
c. Mildew Resistance. Mil Std 810B. passes.
d. Salt Spray Resistance. ASTM B117 (Federal Test Standard 141A Method 6061) 5%. Concentration for 300 hours. No deleterious effect.
- Fire performance.
- Flame Spread ASTM E84. When tested individually the adhesives and coatings shall have a Flame Spread index not exceeding 20. A Smoke Developed index not exceeding 10.
1.5 SUBMITTALS for EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system)
A. Product Data. The Contractor shall submit Manufacturer’s product data sheets describing products which will be used.
B. Samples. The Contractor shall submit two samples of this System for each ﬁnish, texture and color to be used. The same tools and techniques for the actual install shall be used. Samples shall be of size to represent each color and texture.
- The applicator shall submit schedules and detail drawings. The drawings shall show details and other items as required. Then a proper evaluation can be made.
D. Test Reports. When requested the Contractor shall submit selected test reports. They must verify the performance of this System.
1.6 QUALITY ASSURANCE.
- EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system) System Manufacturer. Shall be Facades. All materials shall be manufactured or sold by us. All shall be purchased from us or its distributor.
- Materials shall be manufactured at a facility covered by a current ISO. 9001:2000 certiﬁcation. Certiﬁcation of the facility shall be done by a registrar accredited by the American National Standards Institute. Registrar Accreditation Board (ANSI-RAB).
- Contractor. Shall be knowledgeable in the proper install of the System. They shall be experienced in the install of Stucco Systems. They shall possess a trained certiﬁcate from us.
- EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system) System shall be approved for use by building code authorities.
- Mock Up.
- The Contractor shall provide a mock up for approval.
- The mock up shall be the size required to represent the products being installed. Also include each color and texture to be used.
- Use the same equipment and techniques as the actual application. The ﬁnish used shall be from the same batch as that being used.
- The approved mock up shall be available at the job site.
1.7 STORAGE AND HANDLING
A. All materials shall be delivered to the job site in the original, unopened packages.
- Upon arrival. Materials shall be inspected for physical damage, freezing, or overheating. Questionable materials shall not be used.
- Materials shall be stored at the jobsite. Store in a cool, dry location, out of sunlight. Protected from weather and other damage. Min storage temp shall be 7°C (45 °F) for Coatings and Primers. 10 °C (50 °F) for other wet products. Minimize exposure of materials to temps over 32 °C (90 °F). Finishes exposed to temps over 43 °C (110 °F) for even short periods may exhibit skinning. Increased viscosity and should be inspected prior to use.
1.8 PROJECT CONDITIONS for EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system)
A. Environmental Requirements.
1. Application shall not take place during inclement weather. Protect materials from inclement weather.
2. Application of wet materials shall be at a min temp of 4 °C (40 °F), 7 °C(45 °F) or 10 °C (50 °F) depending on product and rising. Maintain for a min of 24 hours or until completely dry.
B. Existing Conditions.
- The Contractor shall have access to power and water. The are shall be clean.
1.9 SEQUENCING AND SCHEDULING
- Install of EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system) System shall be coordinated with other trades.
- Sufﬁcient manpower and equipment shall be used for continuous operation.
1.10 LIMITED MATERIALS WARRANTY for EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system)
A. We shall provide a limited warranty against defective material upon written request. We make no other warranties. We dont warrant workmanship. Full details are available.
1.11 SIGN RESPONSIBILITY.
A. It is the responsibility of both the speciﬁer and the purchaser to determine if a product is suitable for their intended use. The designer shall be responsible for design, detail, structural capability, attachment details, shop drawings and the like. We have prepared guidelines in the form of specifications, application details and product data sheets to help the design process only. We are not liable for any errors in design, detail, structural capability, attachment details, shop drawings, or the like. Whether based upon the info prepared by us or otherwise. As well as changes which may have been made to our published comments.
1.12 MAINTENANCE fo EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system)
- Maintenance and repair shall follow procedures noted in EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system) System Application Instructions. (FS0514)
B. All products are designed to minimize maintenance. Some cleaning may be required.
- Sealants and ﬂashings should be inspected regularly. Make repairs as necessary.
PART II -PRODUCTS used in EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system)
A. All components shall be obtained from us or our distributors.
2.2 MATERIALS for EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system)
A. Portland Cement: Shall be Type I, I-II or II, meeting ASTM C150, white or gray in color, fresh and free of lumps.
B. Water: Shall be clean and free of foreign matter.
C. Mechanical Fasteners: Shall be Wind-Lock’s Wind Devil™ plates, or equivalent, used in conjunction with corrosion resistant fasteners appropriate for the substrate system.
2.3 COMPONENTS for EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system)
A. Adhesives. Used to adhere the EPS shapes to the Base Coat.
- . A liquid polymer based material which is ﬁeld mixed with Portland cement. Used over non wood based substrates.
- Shall be Base Coat.
- Ready mixed. A dry blend cementitious, copolymer based product. It is ﬁeld mixed with water. Its used over non wood based substrates.
- Dry Mix Base Coat.
B. Trim. Expanded polystyrene meeting Facades Speciﬁcation. Supplied by an EPS board supplier licensed by Facades.
- Base Coat. Shall be compatible with the EPS architectural shapes and reinforcing mesh.
- Cementitious. A liquid polymer based material. It is ﬁeld mixed with Portland cement.
- Base Coat/Adhesive.
- Non cementitious. A factory mixed fully formulated water based product.
- Ready mixed. A dry blend cementitious copolymer based product ﬁeld mixed with water.
- Dry Mix Base Coat
- Ready mixed. A dry blend cementitious copolymer based product ﬁeld mixed with water.
D. Meshes. Shall be a balanced open weave glass ﬁber fabric. It shall be treated for compatibility with other System materials. It shall be available in the following weights. It shall provide the indicated min tensile strengths:
1. RM100: 152 g/m2.
(4.5 oz/yd2); 27 g/cm
2. RM100x: 203 g/m2.
(6 oz/yd2); 36 g/cm
3. RM310:407 g/m2.
(12 oz/yd2); 54 g/cm
4. RM109: 146 g/m2 (4.3 oz/yd2);
E. Admix. A modiﬁed acrylic binder.
F. Finishes. Shall be the type, color and texture as selected by the architect. It shall be one or more of the following.
- Acrylic finish. (water-based, acrylic coatings with integral color and texture).
A QuartzTex™: Swirl texture.
b. Fine QuartzTex™: Fine swirl texture.
c. FreeStylus™: Fine or varied texture.
d. PebbleFloat™: Pebble tex- ture.
E SandFloat™: Sand texture.
2 Elastomeric Finish. water based acrylic coating.
a QuartzTex E™: Swirl texture.
b. Fine QuartzTex E™: Fine swirl texture.
c. Freestylus E™: Fine or var- ied texture.
d. PebbleFloat E™: Pebble texture.
E SandFloat E™: Sand texture.
- Specialty Finishes: Factory mixed, water-based acrylic.
- Coatings Shall be water based, acrylic coating with integral color and or texture and be one of the following.
- Acrylic Paint: Non textured.
- Elastomeric Paint: Non textured.
- BellaCoat™ T: Textured elastomeric coating.
- Primers and Sealers.
- Primer: A water based acrylic primer.
- Sealer: Clear acrylic sealer.
2.4 ACCESSORIES for EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system)
A. Secondary Moisture Protection Barrier. A secondary weather barrier must be installed over sheathed substrates. It must be wrapped into rough openings prior to install.
1. Acceptable Secondary Moisture Protection Barriers include. Tyvek® StuccoWrap™ and equals that comply with local building codes. Other code approved asphalt saturated papers are also acceptable. Trowel or roller applied weather barriers can be used if a layer of polymeric weather resistive barrier is applied over it.
- Install the Secondary Moisture Protection Barrier over the substrate. Install it according to specifications and code requirements.
- The Secondary Moisture Protection Barrier shall be free of any damage. It must be applied to all surfaces.
- Wrap the Secondary Moisture Protection Barrier into rough openings. Do this to increase the level of moisture protection to the building frame and interior.
- Coordinate work with other trades.
PART III – EXECUTION of EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system)
A. Prior to install of this System ensure that the substrate.
- Is of a type listed in Section 1.04.C.1.
- Is ﬂat within 6.4 mm (1/4 in) in 1.2 m (4 ft) radius.
- Is sound, dry. Connections are tight. Has no conditions that may interfere with this System install.
B. The contractor shall notify the GC of all discrepancies.
- Prior to the install of EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system) System. All needed waterprooﬁng details shall have been completed.
3.2 SURFACE PREPARATION
A. The substrate shall be free of foreign materials.
3.3 Installation of EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system)
A. The EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system) System shall be installed with the application instructions.
B. Min base coat thickness shall be sufficient to fully embed the mesh. The recommended method is to apply the base coat in two passes.
C. EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system) base coat surfaces in contact with sealant shall be coated with Primer. Sealant shall not be applied directly to finishes or base coat.
D. When installing this EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system) under ICC. The notched trowel method of adhesive shall be used over gypsum sheathing.
3.4 FIELD QUALITY CONTROL
A. The Contractor is responsible for the proper application.
B. We assume no responsibility for application of products.
- If required, the Contractor shall certify in writing the quality of work performed. It will be relative to the substrate EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system) system, details, install procedures, workmanship and products used.
D. If required, the EPS supplier shall certify in writing that the EPS meets our specifications.
E. If required, the sealant Contractor shall certify in writing that the sealant application is in accordance with the sealant manufacturer’s recommendations.
A. All excess materials shall be removed from the job site. It will be done in accordance with applicable law.
B. All areas where this System has been installed shall be left free of debris.
3.6 PROTECTION of EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system)
A. EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system) System shall be protected from damage.
This is the end of the spec section of this page. Make sure to look at our other pages.
So if plastering is your thing then EIFS (Exterior insulation and finishing system) system is a great choice. of course you should look at all of our systems before you make that choice of which on you will be plastering with. We sell all of the products that you will need for this plaster system. From mesh to base coat to finish we have it. If you have any questions then fell free to give us a call anytime. We are here to help you!